Origen de la reclamación por el Esequibo

linea schomburgk
Línea Shomburgk

En 1814, a través del Tratado de Londres, Holanda le cede a Gran Bretaña, las provincias de Demerara, Berbice y Esequibo ubicadas al este del río Esequibo, es decir, las que a través del Tratado de Extradición de 1791, España le había otorgado a las Provincias Unidas de los Países Bajos, que para el momento, formaban parte de su territorio.

En 1834 la Real Sociedad Geográfica de Londres, argumentando el desconocimiento y poca exploración del territorio, va a enviar al prusiano Robert Schomburgk a inspeccionar la Guayana Británica y a establecer los límites de la misma. Con este fin, este va a dibujar para 1835, una línea limítrofe que contemplaba al río Esequibo como gran delimitador y al norte, reconocía los recientes asentamientos de colonos británicos cercanos al río Pomerún, no obstante, el gobierno británico va a ocultar este mapa, lo va a modificar y va a publicar otro en 1840 donde Venezuela perdía aproximadamente 141.930Km2 al oeste del río Esequibo, enviando además, al mismo Schomburgk a levantar postes, que delimitaran en el terreno lo que se establecía en el papel, así bien este, va a colocar marcas de dominio desde Barima, pasando por los río Amacuro y Cuyuní, hasta la montaña Roraima.

Venezuela al ver esto, va a pedir a su Ministro en Londres, Alejo Fortique, expresar el descontento venezolano frente a esta medida, a lo cual, el gobierno británico responderá que estos linderos, eran solo un medio para preparar el terreno para comenzar a discutir las cuestiones limítrofes y se ofreció a quitarlos en 1842, cosa que no hará. Así bien, para 1844, Venezuela, entablará su primera negociación sobre los límites con la Guayana Británica, para la cual escogerá a Don Alejo Fortique, Ministro Plenipotenciario para Gran Bretaña, como quién se sentaría a conversar sobre la cuestión limítrofe con Lord Aberdeen, para entonces el Ministro de Exteriores británico.

Fortique propondrá a este que la línea se fije teniendo al río Esequibo como frontera natural, por su parte, Aberdeen señalará que la línea debe establecerse partiendo desde la Boca de Moroco hasta la unión entre los ríos Barama y Guaima hasta el Aunama, de ahí aguas arriba hasta el Acarabisi, y luego aguas abajo donde confluye con el Cuyuní, hasta llegar a la cercanía con el Roraima, donde se dividen el Río Esequibo y el Río Blanco.

Ambas propuestas serán rechazadas por cada una de las partes y Venezuela, el más interesado en fijar las fronteras rápidamente, puesto que el crecimiento de las explotaciones auríferas en Guayana, había incrementado el interés de los británicos en la zona, hará otra propuesta de límites. En esta segunda opción, escogía como punto de partida boca de Moroco, hasta el cerro de Imataca y de allí al meridiano, atravesando el Cuyuní hasta la sierra de Paracaima que divide al río Esequibo y el río Blanco. Es importante destacar, que esta línea tampoco será aceptada por los británicos y por tanto, no habrá ningún acuerdo sobre los límites de Venezuela con la Guayana Británica, adicionalmente, se dará la inesperada muerte de Alejo Fortique al siguiente año y con él se dejará en el olvido la cuestión limítrofe por un largo tiempo.

A. Tovar
Politóloga, egresada de la Universidad Central de Venezuela.

También te puede interesar

199 comentarios sobre «Origen de la reclamación por el Esequibo»

  1. Have you got any ? altace plus dosage Vidal said Mexico has been able to essentially stop illegal logging in the Monarch protected reserve, but he said habitat loss in the United States remains a huge problem

  2. I’ve been made redundant buy duromine 30mg «I know the stock is rallying on anticipation but I suspect if anything is going to happen it is more likely to happen in November or December.»

  3. When do you want me to start? valium effet secondaire chien When it comes to divorce finances, reconciliation is aboutthe balancing of accounts, not getting back together.Receipt-tracking systems allow users to discover patterns thathelp avoid future conflict.

  4. Will I have to work shifts? bactrim pediatric dosing epocrates Cameron, the leader of the Conservative Party, defended hiseconomic record since forming a coalition government with theLiberal Democrats after a May 2010 election, saying Labour would increase taxes and cripple the economy if it won power.

  5. Whereabouts in are you from? noroxin 400 mg side effects
    Obama had gone to a Polish neighborhood to stress that the immigration problem in the United States is not restricted to Latinos and that there are people from around the world who are in the country illegally, such as Poles and Irish.

  6. On another call slimtech garcinia scam Rival Electronic Arts’ quarterly resultshave already revived some optimism that the long-faltering videogame sector is finally enjoyingrelatively steady growth thanks to the advent of the Xbox One and PS4

  7. What sort of work do you do? valium makes you feel like This Giants season hasn’t been nearly as dismal as last season’s 0-6 start, but with the defense in a major funk and the running game struggling as Rashad Jennings recovers from an MCL sprain, these past couple of weeks have raised questions about whether or not these Giants have the personnel to make a playoff run.

  8. A staff restaurant depakote dosage forms EU leaders, meeting on March 19-20, will give the HighRepresentative for Foreign Affairs Federica Mogherini threemonths — until their next summit in June — to work out how tosupport media freedom and European values in Russia.

  9. My battery’s about to run out best online pharmacy to buy provigil However, after major shareholders including New York diamond magnate Simon Glick, US bank Morgan Stanley and China’s Investment Corporation backed the offer, Songbird reluctantly changed its recommendation to minority investors.

  10. How many would you like? dermagen iq They are also banking on using ‘rainy day’ funds, including those reserved for Russia’s 40 million pensioners, to support what Putin calls Russia’s ‘national champions’, pillars of the economy in sectors such as energy and defense.

  11. Sorry, I ran out of credit nizoral unguent pret During the debate he said, «[I]n my view the best interests of the country would be achieved by pulling out Obamacare root and branch.” But when it came down to proposing an alternative to the Affordable Care Act, Mitch was MIA.

  12. I’d like to send this letter by methocarbamol 750 mg can you get high «Our findings suggest that the measurement of blood sugar levels in all patients arriving at EDs with acute heart failure could provide doctors with useful prognostic information and could help to improve outcomes in these patients.

  13. Children with disabilities order xanax online canada In this procedure, Wikimedia has an asset: a document provided by the whistleblower Edward Snowden, which specifically mentions Wikipedia and its users as a target of monitoring programs.

  14. I’m retired clear essence fade serum * Exxon Mobil Corp plans to overhaul the twogasoline-producing fluidic catalytic cracking units at its502,500 barrel per day (bpd) refinery in Baton Rouge, Louisianain 2015 and 2016, said sources familiar with operations onWednesday.

  15. I want to make a withdrawal dutasteride and tamsulosin (jalyn) The report added that when it comes to dentistry, the main interests seem to relate to fluoridation and orthodontics and there is little or no political representation about important issues such as the provision of dental services to people with disabilities, and the prevalence and suffering caused by cavities during childhood.

  16. Accountant supermarket manager ranitidine 150 mg drug information There will be great anticipation in the courtroom again Friday to see what Shayanna Jenkins might tell prosecutors about what she knows regarding the murder of Odin Lloyd, the landscaper who was dating her sister, Shaneah, before Hernandez allegedly killed him.

  17. Could I ask who’s calling? australian dream cream amazon
    Pressed as to whether the Labour plans to reduce fees would constitute a «red line» in any potential coalition negotiations between the Lib Dems and Ed Miliband's party, Vince Cable says simply: «It would certainly make it more difficult to work with them.» The business secretary says the Lib Dems would insist on fees remaining the same, but says they're not talking about «red lines».

  18. How many weeks’ holiday a year are there? order saine jeunesse Burger King and Tim Hortons, comparable in size by market value, confirmed their merger discussions late on Sunday, saying the new company would be the world’s third-largest quick service restaurant

  19. We used to work together norvasc side effects stomach «How do we declare success when we don’t know what we’re measuring, we don’t know how to measure it, and even if we could measure it we’re not sure what effect we have on some of these things?» he said.

  20. We need someone with qualifications order purathin roots As opening night looms, Riggan attempts to make a success of his play but is hampered by problems with his ex-wife, his daughter (played by Stone) and an out-of-control leading actor (played by Norton).

  21. Until August zantac 75 dosage by weight Ali Adou, portfolio manager at The National Investor in AbuDhabi, said he expected the Saudi market eventually to beincluded in MSCI’s influential Emerging Market Index, but thatthe proposed foreign ownership limits might reduce its weightingwithin that index.

  22. I’m not interested in football complan girl images «Plaintiffs have failed to allege that Apple’s logic boardswere unfit for their ordinary purposes or lacked a minimal levelof quality,» Alsup wrote

  23. Sorry, you must have the wrong number valium vs dilaudid Western governments that suspect the Kremlin’s hand is behind the rebels have long said they believe Putin’s goal is a stable «frozen conflict» on Ukrainian territory.

  24. How long have you lived here? depakote level blood test tube San Miguel, which started as a brewery more than a centuryago, has in capital-intensive power generation and distribution,oil refining, mining, telecom, infrastructure such as airportsand roads, and airline businesses since 2008.

  25. Could you transfer $1000 from my current account to my deposit account? nytol quick caps dosage Since the replacement of James Reilly as Minister by Leo Varadkar, there is now some uncertainty over the timescale for the introduction of UHI, with the new Minister concentrating initially on providing free GP care for the whole population.

  26. How long have you lived here? zen night chant Everyone would agree that ancestral diets didn’t include Twinkies, but I’m sure our ancestors would have eaten them if they grew on trees.”

  27. I’m interested in dose of valium in dogs We now know that the risk of melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer, from any sunbed use is 20% and this increases to 59% if the exposure was while the person was under 35 years of age,» commented Kathleen O’Meara of the society.

  28. I’m in a band valium in spanish The overpass, which had been shut down weeks ago, had its eastern part previously removed as part of reconstruction of all of I-75 from the Ohio River through Hamilton County to I-275

  29. How many more years do you have to go? buy cabomoort
    Children who need to access dermatology services at Temple Street Children’s Hospital now face being placed on an additional waiting list due to a lack of specialists, the Irish Skin Foundation (ISF) has warned.

  30. I’d like to pay this in, please cephalon provigil coupon By including walking in your daily routine, you can prevent or manage various conditions including heart disease, high blood pressure and type 2 diabetes,» commented Bernard Duggan of the IPU.

  31. Free medical insurance levlen ed cause depression «We had people walking around Boston with no set schedule, no limitations on what they could eat or when they could eat it,» says Dr Steven Russell of Massachusetts General Hospital, who worked on the trial Christopher took part in.

  32. Recorded Delivery teva clozapine d formula Whilst Turkey’s role in NATO is also likely to strain relations, its interest in building power plants and gas storage facilities could push trade volume to $40 billion from around $32 billion last year, Ozertem said.

  33. Excellent work, Nice Design modafinil aetna The move comes as Saudi-led coalition of predominantly Sunni nations continues to bomb targets under the control of Houthi fighters and their allies

  34. perfect design thanks digoxin and valium The previous night’s deluge brought a multi-agency response, involving officials from the Department of Environment, which co-ordinates emergency payments for people affected by flooding; the Department of Agriculture and Rural Development, which oversees rivers; and the Department for Regional Development, which deals with clearing up the roads.

  35. I’m not sure rizer xl results By breaking the pan-Arabist prohibitions against acknowledging Israel’s existence, let alone its legitimacy, he made possible enormous changes throughout the Middle East

  36. We’ve got a joint account prednisone for allergic reaction rash Siluanov said the Reserve Fund, a rainy day fund of around$90 billion to cover budget holes, would be increased by 370billion roubles ($5.60 billion) from last year’s savings, butRussia would need to spend more than 500 billion roubles from itin 2015 to cover the budget gap.

  37. Who’s calling? kegunaan elocon salep Celebrity chef Paula Deen, whose high-fat souffle collapsed last year after a report that she referred to an employee with a horrific racial expletive, will launch her own online “digital lifestyle network” next week.

  38. What sort of work do you do? carbidopa and levodopa dose Our low costs make it possible for seven in 10 full-time undergraduates to attend college tuition-free, fully covered by financial aid and the American Opportunity Tax Credit, and for eight in 10 to graduate free from federal education debt

  39. Could you ask her to call me? buy lovely skin glycolic gels But how did we really expect the Scots to act in the aftermath of this relatively narrow defeat for the independence movement? In the absence of a well thought through and even-handed proposal for proper devolution throughout the United Kingdom, many Scottish voters seem to be concluding that the best way to promote their own interests and those of their nation is to send dozens of SNP MPs to fight their corner in Westminster

  40. I’m on holiday allopurinol dosage gout According to the report, in 2013, almost 3,700 women, girls and couples received counseling at the IFPA’s 11 counselling locations nationwide or via the IFPA National Pregnancy Helpline.

  41. Not available at the moment serafina boston restaurant
    How does an individual or a community weigh all of these risks? On the one hand we need energy supplies to power industry and to keep us warm and comfortable and on the other a range of potentially negative outcomes that may affect some more than others

  42. Recorded Delivery valium solution buvable 1 It also appears to have a major impact on physical health, with affected adults more likely to be obese, have high blood pressure, have high cholesterol and have diabetes compared to those without the condition.

  43. A company car valium pharmacocinetique Live coverage of the Ukraine crisis, where Kiev and rebels have pledged to declare ceasefire if «peace plan» can be agreed upon in Belarus, despite ongoing fighting in Mariupol and Donetsk

  44. Another year buy hydrochlorothiazide 25 mg It was loud, electric, and just a fun environment.» Doolittle also used the term «electric» and said that when he entered in the ninth with one out and a runner on first, «there was a lot of adrenaline flowing» — maybe, in fact, a little too much.

  45. What university do you go to? buy 310 shake australia «Without cleaning the contamination, the number of victimsof the toxic legacy left by Union Carbide will continue to grow,and, together, India’s financial liability to a rising number ofvictims,» he added in a statement.

  46. Your account’s overdrawn puravol anti-aging and raviderm Examples included Cisco, which will provide select individuals with online training in IT skills, and LinkedIn, which will provide communities with free data about IT skills supply and demand in their areas.

  47. Go travelling apptrim opinie However with a newer GPU under the hood the R9 285 stands to eclipse the 280 in features, and with sufficient efficiency gains we hope to see it eclipse 280 in performance too.

  48. Could you tell me the number for ? capoten pediatric dosage The talks come as Net-a-Porter founder Natalie Massenet is in the final stretch of negotiating her five-year payout deal with Richemont which could reach more than 100 million euros based on the value of her online company.

  49. What’s the current interest rate for personal loans? taking valium and viagra together Since Anthony’s free agent decision is now being promoted as must-see TV on Dolan’s network, let’s remember that Anthony entered free agency vowing to never go through what he experienced in 2013-14 — a losing season that resulted in him missing the playoffs for the first time in his career

  50. I’d like to apply for this job gastric band pill ebay Village by village, Kurdish forces in northern Iraq have regained around half the territory they gave up in August when Islamic State militants tore through their defenses in the northwest, prompting the United States to launch airstrikes in September, its first since 2011.

  51. Best Site good looking dherbs cleanse recipes Started in 2001 as a hot dog cart in a public park, the critically acclaimed New York-based burger chain now has 63 locations and, last Friday, debuted on the NYSE with a valuation of nearly $1 billion

  52. Have you got any ? pyroxamine side effects Over the long term, however, currency-denominated instruments [such as cash and bonds] are riskier investments – far riskier investments – than widely diversified stock portfolios that are bought over time, and are owned in a manner invoking only token fees and commissions.»

  53. No, I’m not particularly sporty recommended dose of donepezil The Labour leader criticised the Government for making the Prevent counter-terrorism strategy «overly focused» on the police response to terrorism and said there needed to be a focus on parents and communities.

  54. A jiffy bag rejuv medical spa temecula Iranian Air Force Phantoms purchased during the reign of the Shah of Iran, who was overthrown in the revolution of 1979, attacked Islamic State bases in Diyala province near the town of Saadiya, on the frontline between Iraqi forces and Islamic State.

  55. I’m interested in this position buy revia from indiana Yes there are a number of options available, you can set your browser either to reject all cookies, to allow only «trusted» sites to set them, or to only accept them from the site you are currently on.

  56. We’ll need to take up references provigil best price But in most cases, you’ll be just fine if you make themonthly student loan payment and don’t stress over paying it off any faster.»Student loans tend to have a low interest rate and anextended payment period,» Kramer says

  57. perfect design thanks spirodex for sale The results also showed that David Moyes and his backroom staff received a total of 5.2m in compensation following the former Manchester United manager's sacking in April after less than a year in the job.

  58. Where’s the postbox? valium receita azul For over 10 years Williams has repeated his half-truth of heroic survival and even told it again as recently as last Friday night, during a Rangers game when NBC did a special segment about one of the soldiers who protected him in Iraq.

  59. Have you read any good books lately? buy prostenda in india They found that social networks increased the risk of being exposed to “offensive behaviours and hate speech”, which could have a harmful effect on people’s mental wellbeing.

  60. Good crew it’s cool 🙂 derma youth pro Ltd has opted to site two large smartphone factories in Vietnam, and made around $11 billion worth of investment pledges into the Vietnamese economy in 2014, according to government newspaper Dau Tu.

  61. I’m a member of a gym valium a gatti He predicted that at next month’s shipboard summit off Malta, Bush, and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev “may come to a common ground” that both countries – and actually everybody – is interested in stability, in not too much upheaval in Europe

  62. The manager carl zeiss lumera t The new voluntary guidelines by the United NationsInternational Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), whichcoordinates safety, took effect just six weeks before the lossof AirAsia Flight QZ8501, and will take years to be implementedaround the globe.

  63. I don’t know what I want to do after university isopure zero carb creamy vanilla ingredients If he was solvent and took everything Williams was doling out then asked for more — which McDonnell has repeatedly admitted to doing — how is being avaricious better than being needy? The crime stands, but there’s no sympathy to be earned.

  64. I’m training to be an engineer caverta 50 mg online purchase Sales of the world’s largest airliner have gone through alean patch amid a slowing economy and indirect competition fromBoeing’s largest twinjet, the 777X, which is planned toseat 406 people compared with the A380’s standard layout of 535.

  65. Withdraw cash garcinia ultra lean reviews Ramkumar says that while his organization also has problems with this year’s assessment, one of the benefits of delinking aid with the report findings is that State can give a more honest assessment of foreign government budget transparency in the report as a part of a «naming and shaming.»

  66. I’m on business youthful radiance serum amazon Intel suggests that the Compute Stick be used for «light productivity, social networking, Web browsing, and streaming media or games.» It also said small businesses might use it as an inexpensive computing solution.

Deja un comentario

Tu dirección de correo electrónico no será publicada.

Pin It on Pinterest